Air Conditioning is a popular feature in homes and businesses in the UK, particularly in the warmer months of the year. It provides a comfortable and controlled environment by regulating the temperature and humidity of a space.
The main type of air conditioning systems in the UK are 'split systems'. Split systems consist of an indoor unit that is installed inside the building, and an outdoor unit - the correct name being a Condensing Unit - that is installed outside. These systems can be expensive to install, but they offer efficient cooling, and heating, and are quite unobtrusive.
Air conditioning systems work by drawing in hot air from the room and passing it over a refrigerant, which circulates throughout copper pipes called an evaporator coil, and which absorbs the heat and cools the air. The cooled air is then blown back into the room, while the heat is released outside through the condensing unit.
In the UK, air conditioning units are rated using the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). The higher the SEER rating, the more energy efficient the unit is. It's important to choose an air conditioning system with a high SEER rating, as it can save money on energy bills in the long run. Units may also have a COP (Coefficient Performance) rating and this can also be used to decide energy efficiency.
Air conditioning systems can be used to cool and dehumidify a space, as well as to heat it. In the UK, air conditioning systems that can heat a space are known as "reverse cycle" or "heat pump" systems. These systems work by reversing the flow of the refrigerant, allowing them to extract heat from the outside air and bring it into the building via the indoor unit.
It's important to properly maintain an air conditioning system to ensure it runs efficiently and effectively. This includes cleaning or replacing the filters regularly, checking for and sealing any refrigerant leaks, and having the system serviced by a professional on a regular basis.
Overall, air conditioning is a convenient and effective way to regulate the temperature and humidity in a space in the UK. By choosing an energy efficient system and properly maintaining it, it can provide comfortable and controlled indoor environments all year round.